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By Dr. Max Gross

This learn makes a speciality of Islam in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand. it truly is meant because the starting of a data base for coverage makers and analysts. the writer was once Dean of the varsity of Intelligence reports on the nationwide protection Intelligence collage and Professor of Intelligence (Middle East). the cloth this is equipped thematically round nations and 5 questions: (1) How did Islam come to the rustic? Or how did the rustic turn out to be predominately Islamic? (2) How valuable has Islam (as against different political ideologies) been within the political heritage of the rustic? (3) what's the offi cial coverage of the present executive of the rustic towards Islam? (4) What vital Islamist hobbies exist in the kingdom (or in exile)? (5) what's the diagnosis in regards to the way forward for modern Islamic activities within the state? the present quantity is a projected quantity one among a multi-volume research.

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Additional resources for A Muslim Archipelago: Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia

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Meanwhile, Indonesia’s ability to field an army and organize its population was maturing. 29 A Fragile Independence The December 1949 grant of sovereignty by the Netherlands established a federal United States of Indonesia, of which the Sukarno regime on Java was but one of sixteen political units. Once Dutch forces withdrew, this federal system was quickly reorganized as the unitary Republic of Indonesia in 1950. The new government, fatigued by four years of war, was soon beset by an unsuccessful revolt by the Darul Islam movement in western Java, southern Sulawesi, and Aceh.

This implied eating and dressing in an “Arabic” fashion in imitation of what was believed to be the Prophet Muhammad’s style, characteristics that separated the youthful adherents from their Malay elders. Mosque-based in its operations, Jamaat Tabligh groups either built or took over existing mosques that became centers of worship and further missionary activity. Simple and inoffensive in its approach, the movement was not perceived to be threatening and was at least tolerated if not actually encouraged by Malaysian authorities.

War for Independence Recognition of Indonesian independence was not obtained solely by declaring it, however. Holland was determined to reclaim its colony but, devastated itself by its own Nazi occupation during World War II, required help to do so. As they had during the Napoleonic wars 130 years before, British troops were dispatched to disarm and repatriate remaining Japanese troops on the islands, liberate Europeans held in internment camps, and maintain general law and order. The first two tasks were accomplished without great difficulty, but the third proved more difficult.

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