By Michael Langford
The overdue Michael Langford used to be probably the most widespread and acomplished authors of images essays. His works are unequalled of their analitical intensity, specialise in the basic principals and mechanisms in images, but in addition of their critical educational strategy at the subject.
complex images including its spouse quantity simple images are in my view actually precious resource of good written, instructive info, masking approximately each point of the photographic process.
this present day the place there's stifling overabundance of shallow, uninspiring and downright lifeless "textbooks", that are not able to educate you something, complicated images and uncomplicated images stand as normal atmosphere, special tutorials. Very hugely recomended.
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Extra info for Advanced Photography, Sixth Edition
For ground pictorial photography, satisfactory exposures are made when the shadow areas of the subject fall in the toe area. —Drawing the characteristic curve. Notice in the toe section of the illustration (fig. 2-6) that steps 1 through 4 do not show a change in density. This indicates that the film has not been affected by light, and the density is not a result of exposure, but of the emulsion base and the emulsion fog (gross fog) present in all emulsions. Step 5 shows 2-11 a slight increase in density.
The upper limit is generally located at 90 percent of maximum density on the shoulder of the curve and is referred to as maximum useful density. " Exposure Latitude Mathematically, gamma is the ratio of height gained to distance traveled in a horizontal direction. In determining gamma, the height is density (D), and the horizontal base is log exposure (log H). 3 increase of exposure. 0. Exposure latitude is the allowable range of exposures for a given photographic emulsion. It varies with the brightness range of a scene.
SENSITOMETERS Sensitometric-densitometric testing requires a method of providing the exact same exposure to different emulsions, or the same emulsion type that is processed differently, and then comparing the resulting densities. Sensitometers make controlled exposures that are suitable for sensitometric-densitometric testing procedures. Densitometers measure density. Control the color quality of the light. Reproduce or duplicate the exposure consistently. Obtain a wide enough range of exposures to produce densities ranging from very light to dark.