Download Are We Spiritual Machines?: Ray Kurzweil vs. the Critics of by George F. Gilder, Visit Amazon's Ray Kurzweil Page, search PDF

By George F. Gilder, Visit Amazon's Ray Kurzweil Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Ray Kurzweil, , Jay Richards

Desktops have gotten extra strong at an ever-increasing fee, yet will they ever turn into wide awake? synthetic intelligence guru Ray Kurzweil thinks so and explains how we'll "download" our software program (our minds) and "upgrade" our (our our bodies) to turn into immortal -- sooner than the sunrise of the twenty second century. during this debate along with his critics, together with a number of Discovery Institute Fellows, Kurzweil defends his perspectives and units the degree for the significant query: "What does it suggest to be human?"

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Despite occasional set backs ever since, Descartes’ biological science has followed by and large along mechanistic lines and nearly all the major advances in knowledge have arisen from its application. Today almost all professional biologists have adopted the mechanistic/reductionist approach and assume that the basic parts of an organism (like the cogs of a watch) are the primary essential things, that a living organism (like a watch) is no more than the sum of its parts, and that it is the parts that determine the properties of the whole and that (like a watch) a complete description of all the properties of an organism may be had by characterizing its parts in isolation.

3 (1980) for the first statement of this argument. See also “The Myth of the Computer,” published in the New York Review of Books, April 29, 1982. The ingenuity of the hardware engineers and the programmers who programmed Deep Blue was manifested in this: from the point of view of mathematical game theory, chess is a trivial game because each side has perfect information. You know how many pieces you and your opponent have and what their locations are. You can theoretically know all of your possible moves and all of your opponent’s possible countermoves.

It is, of course, a wonderful hardware and software achievement of the engineers and the programmers, but as far as its relevance to human psychology is concerned, it seems to me of no interest whatsoever. Its relevance is similar to that of a pocket calculator for understanding human thought processes when doing arithmetic. I was frequently asked by reporters at the time of the triumph of Deep Blue if I did not think that this was somehow a blow to human dignity. I think it is nothing of the sort.

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