By Sean Sheehan
Auschwitz examines the historical past of the notorious Nazi loss of life camp—how it got here to be outfitted and the way it used to be used.
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Extra resources for Auschwitz
Farben, decided to build a factory only a short distance away. Rudolf Hoess began offering camp inmates as workers in the I. G. Farben factory in early 1941. By 1944 the factory was making use of 83,000 slave laborers. Experiments with gas One of I. G. Farben’s companies produced a pesticide called Zyklon B, a poison gas that was used at Auschwitz to kill rats. It was the camp’s deputy commandant, Karl Fritsch, who had the idea of trying it out on people. The first experiments were carried out in September 1941.
New ghettoes were also created to provide accommodations for Jews who were used in factories and in the fields as slave labor. The Warsaw Ghetto became the largest Jewish ghetto in Europe, with an estimated population of 400,000. As conditions worsened there, people were reduced to begging. In the Babi Yar Massacre of September 1941, nearly 34,000 Jews from Kiev in the Soviet Union were massacred by the Einsatzgruppen. Here, SS officers are about to execute some of the Jews before pushing their bodies into a ditch.
Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, and the Thistle logo are registered trademarks of Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. O. Box 3263 Mankato Minnesota MN 56002 Copyright © 2010 Arcturus Publishing Limited The right of Sean Sheehan to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. Series concept: Alex Woolf Editors: Sean Connolly and Alex Woolf Designer: Phipps Design Picture research: Alex Woolf Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Sheehan, Sean, 1951- Auschwitz / by Sean Sheehan.