By Charles Palmer, Stefanie Engel
Avoided deforestation may be characterised because the use of monetary incentives to lessen charges of deforestation and woodland degradation, with a lot of the point of interest on forests in tropical countries.
While shunned deforestation, as a coverage factor, isn't really new, the present debate in educational and coverage circles on together with it in destiny weather swap mitigation options corresponding to the fresh improvement Mechanism is collecting speed – and this debate is simply prone to accentuate as negotiations proceed over what could be integrated within the successor contract to the Kyoto Protocol, that is set to run out in 2012.
Up before, although, the talk by way of the clinical and fiscal implications of shunned deforestation has now not been introduced jointly. This ebook goals to assemble vital study findings within the zone in addition to their coverage implications, while linking refrained from deforestation to political financial system in addition to to the newest advancements in environmental and typical source economics.
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Extra resources for Avoided Deforestation: Prospects for Mitigating Climate Change
2000) ASB Cameroon pages 6–7 and 52–53 Dominant land use but production not increasing because of low price Assume 25% of cocoa-driven deforestation is in area too remote for sale of fruit Dominant land use but production area decreasing because of low price Not considered a threat to deforestation by Kotto-Same et al. (2000) ASB but increasing prices may change this. Oil palm area has increased by roughly 1000 ha/yr since 2000 Same as for Cameroon Same as for Cameroon Same as for Cameroon Same as for Cameroon Same as for Cameroon Same as for Cameroon According to Merry et al.
C Papua New Guinea. d Not reported in FAO (2005) so assumed same as for Malaysia. area of forest in each country gives an estimate of carbon stock per ha. This takes account of differences in the type of forest and the extent to which it is degraded. It can be seen that the figure for Indonesia is particularly low. The FAO (2005) notes that Indonesia recorded a significantly lower level of carbon per hectare in 2005 than in 2000, which indicated that not only the forest area but also the biomass and carbon stock per hectare had decreased.
2 million hectares over a 30 year period. 3 Estimates of opportunity cost for eliminating deforestation Country Cost (million US$)a Main scenarios Bolivia Brazil Cameroon DRCb Ghana Indonesia Malaysia PNGc Total High return land-use scenarios No commercial logging Medium commercial logging 100% commercial logging Excluding commercial logging 100% commercial logging 227 1165 191 276 23 859 67 137 2945 247 1678 191 276 121 2059 183 281 5036 291 1898 379 549 121 2795 212 281 6526 513 5891 300 435 23 3125 234 232 10,752 576 6624 488 708 121 5061 379 376 14,334 Source: Author Notes a Net present value of opportunity costs over 30 years discounted at 10%.